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22 novembre 2014 6 22 /11 /novembre /2014 16:06
RURA yahaswe ibibazo by’aho yakuye ububasha bwo guhagarika BBC

Source:Izubarirashe

Ibisobanuro byatanzwe na RURA n'uburyo byakiriwe n'akanama gashinzwe gucukumbura imikorere ya BBC mu Rwanda, bigaragaza ko RURA yakoze amakosa ubwo yafungaga BBC Gahuzamiryango. Ibi bisobanuro byatangwaga n’Umuyobozi w’amategeko wa RURA, Kabiru Jacques wabihaga akanama kari gukora iperereza kuri filimi mbarankuru (documentary) yatambukijwe na BBC TWO, hamwe no kugenzura imikorere ya Radiyo BBC kuva yatangira gukorera mu Rwanda. Kuva muri 2003 u Rwanda rwagiranye amasezerano na BBC yo gutangiza ibiganiro byayo mu Rwanda ku mirongo ya FM. Urwego ngenzuramikorere rwa RURA rwagiyeho muri 2001. Umuyobozi w’amategeko wa RURA, yagowe no gusobanura niba koko ayo masezerano aha RURA ububasha bwo guhagarika BBC Gahuzamiryango, nubwo amakosa yaba yakozwe n’irindi shami rya BBC rikorera mu kindi gihugu, ariko asoza avuga ko ibyemerewe mu gihe cyose bibangamiye inyungu rusange z’u Rwanda. Ayo masezerano ateganya ko iyo hari uruhande rutishimiye imikorere y’urundi, ayo masezerano ashobora guseswa ariko hashize amezi atatu uruhande rwababaye rwabimenyesheje urundi, nyamara BBC Gahuzamiryango yahagaritswe hashize iminsi 24 BBC TWO yerekanye icyegeranyo cyangwa se filimi mbarankuru yiswe "Rwanda’s Untold Story” isebya Perezida Kagame na FPR-Inkotanyi. Kuba aya masezerano ateganya ko aseswa nyuma y’amezi 3 uruhande rutishimye rumaze kubimenyesha urundi, byatumye Martin Ngoga wigeze kuba n’Umushinjacyaha Mukuru w’igihugu, asaba uyu munyamategeko wa RURA kubasobanurira impamvu Gahuzamiryango yahagaritswe hashize iminsi 24 BBC TWO yerekanye iyo filimi. Kabiru yasubije ko itegeko rigenga RURA riyiha ububasha bukomeye (discretion of powers) bwo kugenzura no guhagarika igitangazamakuru gikoresha amajwi cyangwa amashusho mu gihe cyose cyishe amasezerano. Ayo masezerano avuga ku murongo wa FM wa BBC mu Rwanda, ariko n’urubuga rwabo rwa interineti rwarafunzwe. Me Evode Uwizeyimana na we uri muri aka kanama, yahise abwira uwo munyamategeko wa RURA ko hashingiwe kuri ayo masezerano, RURA idafite ububasha bwo gufunga umurongo wa interineti wa BBC kuko amasezerano avuga FM gusa. Me Evode yongeyeho ko niba RURA ifite ubwo bubasha burenze ubwanditse mu mategeko, byakwitwa intellectual terrorism (iterabwoba) cyangwa dictature (igitugu). Aka kanama kagaragaje ko katanyuzwe n’ibisobanuro by’uyu mugabo, kuko yasubizaga ahinduranya imvugo ndetse ngo asa n’aho avuga ingingo zirengera RURA, akirengagiza izirengera BBC. Ibyo byatumye mwarimu muri Kaminuza Christopher Mpfizi abaza icyo iryo tegeko ryaba rikiza, niba rikora ibinyuranyije n’ibyo rigomba gukemura. Ati "Ibyo mwasubije ndabyakira uko biri n’aho byaba bitanyuze, kuko iki si cyo gihe cyo kubivuga…..aho iri ritegeko rigenga RURA ntabwo ryaba ritera ikibazo gishingiye ku myumvire, bitewe n’uko rimeze….kuko mbona RURA ishinzwe kugenzura ibijyanye n’iminara n’ibikoresho, ariko idashinzwe kugenzura ibinyura (content) kuri ibyo bitangazamakuru by’amajwi n’amashusho?” Ibi ni na byo mugenzi we Dr Christopher Kayumba nawe wigisha muri Kaminuza y'u Rwanda yagarutseho, amubaza inshingano z’Urwego rw’Abanyamakuru Bigenzura (RMC) na rwo ruvugwa muri iryo tegeko rura ivuga, nubwo mu gutangira ikiganiro bari bavuze ko batari bujye impaka ku bubasha bwa RURA n’ubwa RMC. Aha Kabiru yavuze ko RURA ifite n’inshingano yo kugenzura ibinyuzwa muri ibyo bitangazamakuru naho RMC yo ikaba ishinzwe imikorere n’imyitwarire y’itangazamakuru ya buri munsi, icyakora uyu munyamategeko wa RURA yageze aho avuga ko iri tegeko rituzuye mu gihe cyose Minisitiri w’Intebe atarashyiraho Iteka risobanura neza inshingano za RURA. Amarangamutima (emotions) n’ibibazo by’abagize aka kanama byakomeje kugaragaza ko batanyurwa n’ibisubizo byatangwaga n’uhagarariye RURA. Aka kanama si urukiko ahubwo karakora ubucukumbuzi ku bijyane n’icyegeranyo "Rwanda’s Untold Story” yakozwe na BBC, ikamaganwa n’u Rwanda ndetse RURA igafata icyemezo cyo guhagarika ibiganiro by’Ikinyarwanda bya BBC mu Rwanda kuri FM no kuri Interineti. BBC Gahuzamiryango ikimara guhagarikwa na RURA, urwego rw’abanyamakuru bigenzura rwa RMC rwamaganye icyo cyemezo, ruvuga ko RURA itabifitiye ububasha, nubwo na yo (RMC) yarebwe nabi kuko ivuguruza icyemezo cyafashwe n’urwego rwa Leta. Ubwo RMC yari imbere y’aka kanama, yongeye kuvuga ko kunyuranya na RURA bakibihagezeho, kuko ibyo guhagarika BBC Gahuzamiryango byakozwe na RURA mu buryo bashimangira ko bunyuranyije n'amategeko. RURA ivuga ko yahagaritse BBC kuko hari umubare w’abaturage bo mu ngeri zitandukanye babisabye, ariko umunyamategeko wayo yavuze ko nta mibare afite y’ababisabye, gusa avuga ko n’aho barenga batatu bashobora kuyihagarika batiriwe bategereza ko RMC ibibasaba . Amasezerano y'imikoranire (Memorandum of Understanding) yasinywe hagati ya RURA na RMC muri Nzeli 2014, ateganya ko RURA ishobora gufunga igitangazamakuru ariko ikabikora ari uko ibisabwe na RMC. Aka kanama gakomeje kumva ubuhamya bw’abantu butandukanye aho mu gitondo cyo kuri uyu wa gatanu (21 Ugushyingo 2014) kari bube kageze ku mutangabuhamya wa gatandatu.

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4 novembre 2014 2 04 /11 /novembre /2014 14:24

Kimihurura – Mu rubanza Urukiko Rukuru ruburanishamo Ubushinjacyaha na Agnes Ntamabyariro na mugenzi we Hategekimana Leonard ku byaha bya Jenoside n’ibyibasiye inyokomuntu bakurikiranyweho; kuri uyu wa 03 Ugushyingo 2014; Ubushinjacyaha bwasabye Urukiko kutazanyuranya n’Umucamanza wakatiye igifungo cya burundu bw’umwihariko Ntamabyariro naho mugenzi we wari waragizwe umwere nawe bumusabira kuzahabwa iki gihano cyo gufungwa burundu.

Mme Agnes Ntamabyariro yari Minisitiri w’Ubutabera muri Geverinoma y’Abatabazi n’umuyobozi wungirije wa PL mu gihe cya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi

Ntamabyariro wari warakatiwe gufungwa burundu bw’’umwihariko n’Urukiko rwisumbuye rwa Nyarugenge nyuma akaza kujuririra iki cyemezo ndetse akaza no kugaragaza ko kuba uwari Perezida w’ishyaka PL (Mugenzi Justin) yaragizwe umwere n’Urukiko rwa Arusha nawe yari akwiye nawe kugirwa umwere, dore ko nawe yari visi perezida w’iri shyaka kandi ibyaha aregwa yarabikoraga kubera ubwo bubasha.

Mu bujurire bwe, Ntamabyariro yagaragaje ko mu ijambo yavugiye kuri Radio Rwanda kuwa 14 Mata 1994 ubwo yaganiraga n’umunyamakuru Bamwaga ntaho yigeze avuga ijambo Abatutsi, mu gihe Ubushinjacyaha bwo buvuga ko yasobanuriye Abanyarwanda umwanzi uwo ariwe ndetse n’uko agomba gufatwa (kwicwa).

Kimwe n’ibindi bisobanuro byatanzwe n’Ubushinjacyaha, bwahise busaba Urukiko Rukuru kugendera mu murongo umwe n’Umucamanza wakatiye igifungo cya burundu bw’umwihariko uregwa bityo ubushinjacya busaba ko iki gihano gikomeza guhabwa agaciro.

Umwe mu bahagarariye Ubushinjacyaha yagize ati “ uburemere bwahawe ibyaha Ntamabyariro yakoze bwanatumye ahabwa igihano cy’igifungo cya burundu y’umwihariko, turabona budakwiye (uburemere) kuvogerwa, tukaba dusaba Urukiko kwemeza iki gihano ntirunyuranye nacyo”.

Kuba uregwa (Ntamabyariro) nta bitero by’ubwicanyi yagaragayemo nk’uko byemejwe na bamwe mu batangabuhamya, ni bimwe Ubushinjacyaha bwahereyeho buvuga ko uru rubanza rutoroshye bityo busaba Urukiko kuzakorana ubushishozi mu gufata imyanzuro yarwo.

Yakomeje agira ati “ ntabwo ari urubanza rworoshye, turasaba Urukiko kuzafata Ntamabyariro nk’umuntu utari ukwiye gufata umuhoro ngo age kwica Abatutsi, ikigaragara ni uko we yashishikarije Abahutu kwica Abatutsi abinyujije mu biganiro yatangaga n’umwanya yarimo.”

Ibi byifuzo by’Ubushinjacyaha byabimburijwe n’ibisobanuro bitari bike ku byaha uregwa akurikiranyweho nk’aho bwagaragaje ubusobanuro bw’amagambo nk’ikitso cyangwa ibyitso, umwanzi, FPR- inkotanyi byagarutsweho na Ntamabyariro mu kiganiro yatanze kuri radio Rwanda mu 1994.

Bushingiye ku kuba mu bihe byo mu 1990-1994; uwavugaga aya magambo yarabaga agaragaza uruhande rw’Abatutsi ndetse bikanabiba urwango hagati y’Abahutu n’Abatutsi, Ubushinjacyaha bwavuze ko Ntamabyariro kuba yaravuze aya magambo yabivuze muri urwo rwego.

Ubushinjacyaha kandi bwanifashishije ibisobanuro byatanzwe n’umuhanga mu icengerandimi wigeze gutumizwa n’Urukiko Mpanabyaha rwashyiriweho u Rwanda kugira ngo arufashe gusobanura aya magambo mu rubanza rw’umwe mu bo rwaburanishaga.

Uyu muhanga yasobanuye ko amagambo nk’ikitso cyangwa ibyitso, umwanzi, Inkotanyi na FPR, uwabivugaga kuva mu 1990 kugeza 1994 yarashakaga kuvuga umututsi.

Uregwa (Ntamabyariro) we yavuze ko muri aya magambo ayo yagarutseho ari umwanzi ndetse na FPR, akavuga ko nk’umunyapolitiki yashakaga kwereka Abanyarwanda ko bose bakwiye gushyira hamwe bakamagana ingabo za FPR zari zateye igihugu cyabo.

Leonard uregwa nawe yasabiwe gufungwa burundu

Hategekimana Leonard uregwa hamwe na Ntamabyariro nawe Ubushinjacyaha bwamusabiye gufungwa Burundu.

Uyu mugabo wahoze ari Umushinjacyaha mbere ya jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi; Ubushinjacyaha bwasabye Urukiko kutazagendera mu murongo umwe n’uw’Umucamanza wa mbere wari wamugizwe umwere, ko nawe akwiye igihano nk’icya mugenzi we (Ntamabyariro).

Hategekimana akurikiranyweho kugira uruhare mu rupfu rwa Habyarimana Jean Baptiste wahoze ari Perefe wa Butare, aho ashinjwa kuba ariwe wamufuguye nyuma yo gufungwa na Ntamabyariro yagera hanze akicwa. Habyarimana uyu yari yarabujije abatuye i Butare kwishora mu bwicanyi.

Umucamanza wa mbere yari yemeje ko Hategekimana nta bubasha yari afite bwo kwanga gufungura uyu Habyarimana, ndetse ko nta n’uruhare yagize mu rupfu rwe, ibi byose Ubushinjyaha bwasabye Urukiko kubitesha agaciro kuko yari azi ko Habyarimana agiye kwicwa bityo nawe akwiye gukatirwa gufungwa burundu.

Ntamabyariro n’uwo baregwa hamwe bazasubira imbere y’Urukiko kuwa Gatatu tariki 5 Ugushyingo batanga ibisobanuro ku rubanza rwa Mugenzi Justin nk’uko babisabye Urukiko bakazaboneraho n’umwanya wo kugira ibyo bavuga ku byifuzo by’Ubushinjacyaha.

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8 septembre 2014 1 08 /09 /septembre /2014 18:17

Recently, Rabbi Shmuley Boteach wrote about why Rwanda should participate in a peacekeeping operation in Gaza after the recent Israel-Hamas war. Rabbi Boteach has made a name for himself in Rwanda, similar to evangelical leaders such as Rick Warren. In his article, he attempts to explain why Rwandan peacekeepers should be deployed in Gaza through the Rwandan-Israel connection that concentrates on combating genocide ideology, remembering the two countries’ shared past and their development aims. The Rabbi has received a warm welcome from President Paul Kagame and by many Rwandans. However, his recent assessment and attempt to praise Rwanda misses many points that are only noticeable when one critically analyzes why Rwanda participates in peacekeeping, and how to solve the Israel/Palestinian conflict. Sorry to say, but sending Rwandan or any other peacekeepers into the region will not solve the crisis, nor will – as he mentions – Israel retaking Gaza, but that is a debate for another time.

Rwandan soldiers are internationally known as some of the best available peacekeepers that participate in UN missions. They currently have around 5,000 troops serving abroad in South Sudan, Central African Republic, Mali, Haiti and other spots around the world. What separates the Rwandans from other peacekeeping forces is three main characteristics. The first is that they attempt to learn about the conflict in order to find a peaceful solution through reconciliation mechanisms. Since early 2014, Rwandan troops have been deployed in the Central Africa Republic trying to stabilize the current violence between the Sélékaand anti-Balaka rebel movements for the disarmament of the two rebel groups. Unlike other peacekeepers, who usually try to stay in their armored personal vehicles and military bases, Rwandan troops go into towns, villages and neighborhoods to talk to the local populations to learn and understand the true causes of the conflict and to develop mechanisms to best help bring unity and reconstruction.

How would Rwanda be able to do this in Gaza? They would be isolated from Israel as Gaza is not a neighborhood of any city or officially part of Israel. What would they do then? Chances are that they would hear from the population of Gaza about their frustrations with the lack of the two-state solution, and with the military and trade restrictions imposed by Israel (rightly or wrongly) on Gaza. Even supporters of Israel must admit that the country has made some terrible mistakes with how it handled and continues to handle the Palestinian situation. Rwandan peacekeepers are going to hear the frustrations that have resulted from these mistakes, and this will eventually have an impact on their views of Israel, especially if they have little contact with Israelis.

The second characteristic, which heavily defines Rwandan peacekeepers, is their determination to try to foster unity among the warring parties. I was privileged to recently talk with someone in the Rwanda Defense Force about the country’s peacekeeping beliefs. Trying to foster unity and reconciliation is arguably at the heart of the country’s peace-keeping mission, understandably so, when we remember that these values underpinned the creation of the Rwandan military. Notably, the first government formed after the 1994 Rwandan Tutsi Genocide integrated members of the former genocide government, specifically military troops who were not accused of involvement in the genocide. In the Central African Republic, Rwandan troops are trying to foster the unity between Muslims and Christians that has been destroyed by the recent fighting.

How exactly is Rwanda going to be able to foster unity and reconciliation between the people of Gaza and Israel? Both governments have created informal as well as formal institutions and restrictions on interactions between the two populations. It is extremely difficult for people on either side to meet and connect with the other. For all intense and purposes, Gaza is separate from Israel, unlike the West Bank where the lines are a bit more blurry. Rwandan peacekeepers do not serve to keep the peace, but to help create peace, something that the United Nations failed to do twenty years ago in Rwanda. (In a previous article, I suggested the introduction of Gacaca, a Rwandan mechanism of truth and reconciliation after the genocide, as a way to help foster understandings between Palestinians and Israelis. Link) But the Rwandan peacekeepers would not have the ability to create local peace when the two people are physically divided like they are now.

The final important characteristic of Rwandan peacekeepers is their shoot-first policy. Twenty years ago, the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UMAMIR) was in Rwanda trying to implement a peace accord between the Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) and the pre-genocide government of Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana. The agreement was never fully implemented, because of Habyarimana’s assassination and the genocide that took the lives of one million Tutsis and moderate Hutus. During the slaughter, the UN peacekeepers were paralyzed to stop the violence, as their commanders in New York City, specifically Kofi Annan, told them not to use their weapons even to protect civilians.

The Rwandan military learned from history and have sworn never to be caught making the same errors. On many occasions, given their mandate to protect civilians, Rwandan peacekeepers have used their weapons to do so. One former Rwandan peacekeeper, who served in Darfur, Sudan, remembered seeing Janjaweed fighters riding into a village. He and his colleagues saw the militia approaching and they decided to open fire at them before they could reach the village to do harm. It did not matter that the fighters had not killed or terrorized anyone yet, because once they reached the village, the civilians were going to be butchered and their houses set on fire. Rwandan peacekeepers use their weapons not only to protect themselves, but also specifically to proactively help the people they are trying to protect.

Once again, how would this desire to protect civilians help Israel as Rabbi Boteach believes it might? He says it would show the world the horrors of Hamas if they were to attack Rwandan troops, but I do not think this would happen. Hamas would not attack the Rwandan peacekeepers precisely because they would not want to draw public awareness, just like the Interahamwe, the genocide perpetrators of 1994. Perhaps the peacekeepers would make UN safe-zones truly safe by removing any Hamas elements. However, a key missing element is that Rwandan peacekeepers participate in missions that do not involve two nations fighting each other. Their missions usually focus on local fragmentations within a society that have turned violent. If Rwandan troops were stationed in Gaza as Rabbi Boteach says, would Rwandan troops then be at the borders preventing invasion of Gaza into southern Israel? I do not think so, because Israel has shown that it does not need any military assistance in the form of troops, thanks to the success of the Iron Dome that intercepted most of Hamas’ rockets. The dismantling of the tunnels might be a possible mission that the Rwandan peacekeepers would be successful at, but this characteristic is not what makes Rwandan troops unique compared to others. They are most effective at, and are founded on a principle of, fostering peace and unity.

Rabbi Boteach has developed a close relationship with Rwanda and believes in the country’s abilities and future. He is correct to say that many within the Rwandan government want their country to be closer to Israel, because of the similar history of pogroms, genocide ideology and genocide. In addition, Rwanda wants to become like Israel in the areas of technology, information communication and healthcare. However, the Rwandan government is very pragmatic and will pursue its own interests, one of which is peacekeeping. It is not willing to move all of its peacekeepers to the conflict between two nations, with little in return and the knowledge that it will be removing its peacekeepers from societies who need help in reconstruction, unity and reconciliation, not just supervising a ceasefire. Also, Rwandan peacekeepers are going to be politically neutral, so they will criticize Israel when the nation has done something wrong and not just be blinded by their government’s relationship with the Israeli government. When both the governments of the Palestinians and Israelis are ready to come together to move past historical difference and live in peace, then Rwanda can come in to provide mechanisms and institutions for reconciliation and sustained peace.

SOURCE:http://blogs.timesofisrael.com

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8 septembre 2014 1 08 /09 /septembre /2014 17:51

Abarwanyi ba FDLR bakiri mu mashyamba ya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo (RDC) bagaragaje ko nta gahunda bafite yo gushyira intwaro hasi, bandikira Umuryango Utsura Amajyambere wa Afurika y’Amajyepfo (SADC) bawusaba kubacungira umutekano muri iyi minsi igihe ntarengwa bahawe cyo kuba bashyize intwaro hasi cyegereje.

Nk’uko tubikesha The East African, aba barwanyi basaba ko umutekano wabo wakubahirizwa muri iki gihe bazi neza ko Loni, u Rwanda, na RDC bishobora guhita bibagabaho ibitero ku itariki ntarengwa byabashyiriyeho igeze.

Mu Rwandiko rwashyizweho umukono n’umuyobozi mukuru wa FDLR, Maj Gen Victor Byiringiro, aba barwanyi basabye Perezida wa Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe n’umuryango akuriye SADC, kubaha ubufasha mu maguru mashya muri ki gihe hasigaye amezi atarenga atatu ngo umuryango mpuzamahanga ubagabeho ibitero.

Bivugwa ko ubu busabe bwaturutse ku kuba izi nyeshyamba zitizeye umutekano wazo mu minsi iri imbere kubera igitutu cya Loni, u Rwanda na RDC.

The East African igaragaza ko ibyavuzwe na FDLR biteye inkeke mu gihe u Rwanda rukomeje kotsa igitutu imiryango mpuzamahanga ngo itangire gukoresha ingufu za gisirikare, mu gihe abagiye kugabwaho ibitero na bo barimo kwaka ubufasha.

Muri iyi baruwa yandikiwe Perezida Mugabe, FDLR yerekanye ko uburyo bwo kubakura mu mashyamba buteye urujijo kuko badashobora kwizera Monusco, Guverinoma y’u Rwanda cyangwa DRC.uyu mutwe wagaragaje kandi ko n’uburyo bajyanwamo i Kisangani, babeshywa ko bajyanwe gutuzwa ahandi hantu batabwizeye.

Ikindi kigaragaramo ni uko aba barwanyi batishimiye uburyo mu mwaka wa 2001 bamwe muri bo basaga 25000 bashyize intwaro hasi ku bushake, bikabaviramo kugotwa bagafungirwa mu birindiro bya Gisirikare bya Kamina muri DRC.

Iyi baruwa igira iti “Inzira y’amahoro yagambaniwe n’abafatanyabikorwa nka Monusco, RDC n’u Rwanda, ubwo bamwe mu barwanyi FDLR bafungwaga bakanicwa, harimo n’abasirikare bakuru, mu gihe n’abandi bacyurwaga (mu Rwanda) ku ngufu”.

Aba barwanyi biyita abaharanira ubwigenge bavuze ko badashaka kumva abababwira gushyira intwaro hasi, bakaba bagitsimbaraye ku biganiro bagirana na Leta y’u Rwanda. Basabye Perezida Mugabe kubafasha kuba inyuma y’ibiganiro n’u Rwanda bafata ko ari ntagereranywa.

Nubwo izi nyeshyamba zikomeza gushyira ibiganiro imbere, nta yandi mahitamo zifite kuko icyifuzo cyazo kitazigera cyakirwa na Leta y’u Rwanda cyane ko hari uburyo bumwe zateguriwe bwo gusubira mu buzima busanzwe ari na bwo bwakoreshejwe ku basaga ibihumbi 11 bamaze kuba Abanyarwanda.

Mu cyumweru gishize, Minisitiri w’Ububanyi n’Amahanga akaba n’Umuvugizi wa Leta y’u Rwanda, Louise Mushikiwabo, yahimangiye ko “abarwanyi ba FDLR bagomba gushyira intwaro hasi bitaba ibyo bakagabwaho ibitero”.

Yakomeje avuga ko ikibazo cya FDLR gishobora gukemuka byihuse ahubwo ikibura ari ubushake bwa Politiki, agira ati “Igikwiye gushyirwa imbere ni ubushake bwa Politiki mu kurandura uyu mutwe.”

Yakomeje avuga ko hari ibiganza bitaboneka bikomeje kwitambika ingufu zo guhagarika uyu mutwe.

Maj.Gen BYIRINGIRO uyobora FDLR

Maj.Gen BYIRINGIRO uyobora FDLR

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8 septembre 2014 1 08 /09 /septembre /2014 15:00

FDLR rebels in the jungles of DR Congo

A rebel group of The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda said that they will not surrender even when the deadline to disarm and peacefully repatriate is only a few months away.

The deadline will expire at the end of January next year 2015.

In a recent letter addressed to President Mugabe, the rebels stated the current peace process is compromised and they no longer trust the UN forces operating in the Congo- Monusco, the Kigali government and that of DR Congo; but the FDLR leadership was not clear on how the agreement was compromised

Rwanda has repeatedly warned that the presence of armed FDLR militia in the Congo compromises the peace and security progress in Rwanda and the region at large.

The second mini-summit of Heads of State and Government, the ‘International Conference of the Great Lakes Region’ (ICGLR); held in Angola capital Luanda on august 14,2014, gave the rebels a window for voluntary disarmament before military action can be considered.

Rwanda’s Foreign Affairs Minister Louise Mushikiwabo has previously said that action against Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) militia is long overdue and extending the surrender deadline would be a delay.

Head of Monusco, Martin Kobler, earlier this week said that the UN force is ready to take action, but has to respect the ICGLR resolutions

The rebels are accused of committing atrocities in the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda.

source:NoR

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8 septembre 2014 1 08 /09 /septembre /2014 14:56

President Kagame meeting AU and IN envoys at his office in Kigali, Rwanda on Thursday

Rwanda President Paul Kagame has held talks with the African Union Commissioner for Peace and Security, Amb. Smaїl Chergui and Amb. Said Djinnit, the new UNSG Special Envoy to the Great Lakes Region over security in the region particularly the threat posed by FDLR to stability in the Great Lakes.

According to the presidency, the Thursday discussions mainly focused on ways of dealing with FDLR, a major negative and genocidaire force that has terrorized the region for decades.

Leaders from International Conference on the Great Lakes Region recently met in Angola to review the political and security situation in Eastern DRC regarding the continued repatriation to Rwanda of FDLR for those willing to disarm and return voluntarily; and engage urgently military action against those unwilling to disarm.

While FDLR this year announced intentions to surrender, officials said it simply handed over sick and young combatants and outdated guns.

Rwanda’s United Nations representative, Richard Gasana recently told the Security Council that the neutralization of the 1994 Genocidal Movement is “another area of extreme importance, which unfortunately has not seen progress.”

Joint efforts

Speaking to the press after meeting President Kagame, Amb. Djinnit said his core responsibility in the region would be to work together with regional organizations and countries including Rwanda especially in the implementation of the Peace and Security Framework.

“There has been some significant progress over the last decade but there also some outstanding issues like the FDLR,” said the envoy.

“I will be working in transparency and respect of all countries and will seek the goodwill and support of the stakeholders and demand that they take their obligations at all levels.”

On the issue of the FDLR, said Djinnit, “we will be guided by the decisions of the Security Council and the region which have taken a very clear position on the issue.”

The UN Envoy reiterated that the military option was still on the table, should FDLR fail to comply with the decisions of the UN Security Council and regional stakeholders.

The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Louis Mushikiwabo said despite the progress in resolving issues of the region peacefully, there have been invisible hands that tend to frustrate these efforts.

“We Rwandans need peace and we have worked for decades for peace and this will not stop. We will continue as a country to contribute to peace in the region and for ourselves,” said Mushikiwabo.

The Minister pointed out that FDLR is not a difficult force to deal with, saying what is needed is political will.

“And we are happy to receive Ambassador Djinnit who has taken over from the very able Mary Robinson and we are happy that he is a man who knows the region’s history and has been part of the African Union from the beginning,” said the Minister.

The discussions also touched on the East African Standby Force (EASF) and the situation in the Central African Republic.

East Africa Member States have committed 5,000 military and police forces.

Burundi contributed an Infantry Battalion, Kenya a Mechanized Battalion while Ethiopia, Rwanda and Uganda contributed a Motorized Battalion each.

Other Combat Support and Combat Support Services pledged include Two Level Two Hospitals, CIS, Combat Engineers and Special Forces.

The Member States also pledged four Formed Up Police Units, Military Observers and Individual Police Officers.

The Pledged Forces are to be on Standby to deploy in a period of 14 days whenever called upon to maintain peace and stability in the region. The regional Ministers of Defence and Security in August signed an MOU of pledged Forces as directed by Assembly of Heads of State and Government.

The FDLR have up to February 2, 2014 to surrender or face fire.

The Angola meeting demanded “FDLR to fully surrender within a given timeframe and also making them aware of military consequences of failure to comply with the agreed timeframe.”

src:Chimpreport

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8 septembre 2014 1 08 /09 /septembre /2014 14:40

Rwanda's agricultural sector has been bolstered by the good climate

The World Economic Forum has released its 2014‐2015 Global Competitiveness Report in which Rwanda has been flagged again as the most competitive economy in Eastern Africa and 18th in terms of best structured institutions globally.

Overall, Rwanda came 62nd out of the 144 countries analyzed. Kenya took the second position for competitiveness in Eastern Africa, and ranked 90th worldwide. Uganda and Tanzania took the 122nd and 121st slots respectively whereas Burundi was 139th.

Globally, Switzerland took the foremost slot, Singapore and the United States came in as 2nd and 3rd worldwide while Finland and Germany were 4th and 5th respectively.

In the report, Sub-Saharan Africa continued to register impressive growth rates close to 5%. And on this premise, the report indicated that maintaining the momentum will require the region to move towards more productive activities and address the persistent competitiveness challenges.

The report also pointed out that overall, the biggest challenges facing the region is in addressing human and physical infrastructure issues that continue to hamper capacity and affect its ability to enter higher value added markets.

The Global Competitiveness Report’s competitiveness ranking is based on the Global Competitiveness Index (GCI), which was introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2004.

Defining competitiveness as the set of institutions, policies and factors that determine the level of productivity of a country , GCI scores are calculated by drawing together country-level data covering 12 categories – the pillars of competitiveness – that collectively make up a comprehensive picture of a country’s competitiveness.

Rwandans undergoing training on an “ICT bus”Emphasis on ICT has been pointed out as the major factors fuelling Rwanda’s economic growth

Src: Chimpreport

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8 septembre 2014 1 08 /09 /septembre /2014 14:36

Komanda Kojera Kwinja Musanganya Jean Pierre wo mu ngabo za Kongo (FARDC) hamwe na Samuel Konji Bilolo bari mu Rwanda kuva taliki ya 29/8/2017 aho bahagaritswe bambutse umupaka w’u Rwanda mu buryo butemewe n’amategeko.

Mu ngabo za Kongo, ipeti rya komanda ngo riri hagati ya kapiteni na majoro ugereranyije n’amapeti yo mu Rwanda. Samuel Konji Bilolo wafatanwe na Komanda Kojera ntibyabashije kumenyekana niba ari umusirikare kubera ko nta byangombwa bya gisirikare yari afite.

Aba basirikare ba Kongo bambukiye mu mudugudu wa Karundo akagari ka Mbugangari umurenge wa Gisenyi akarere ka Rubavu, hakaba hategerejwe igihe aba basirikare bazasubizwa igihugu cyabo.

Komanda Kojera Kwinja na Konji Bilolo babaye abasirikare ba Kongo ba 18 bafatiwe ku butaka bw’u Rwanda binjiye ku buryo bunyuranyije n’amategeko kuva taliki ya 15/09/2013 taliki ku isaha ya 13h10.

Undi musirikare uheruka gufatirwa mu Rwanda ni Capitaine Lupango Rogacien wari umusirikare wa 16 wasubijwe igihugu cye taliki ya 09/04/2014.

Kusukana Munanga, umusirikare wa mbere wafatiwe mu Rwanda mu mwaka wa 2013.

Benshi mu basirikare bwa Kongo bafatirwa mu Rwanda bavuga ko barenga imipaka batabizi kuko nta mbibi zizwi babona, cyakora mu gucyemura iki kibazo ubu itsinda rihuriweho n’impugucye z’u Rwanda na Kongo zagaragaje ahari imbibe z’ibihugu byombi.

Buteganyijwe ko taliki ya 15/09/2014 hazamurikwa icyegeranyo cyavuye mu gikorwa cyo kugenzura ahari imbago zihuza ibihugu byombi kuburyo hashyirwaho n’imipaka izwi maze ibi bikorwa by’ingabo za Kongo zambukiranya imipaka zitwaje ko zitazi aho igarukira bikaba byarangira.

Source:K2D

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3 septembre 2014 3 03 /09 /septembre /2014 17:04

Komisiyo igizwe n’ impuguke zo mu Rwanda ndetse n’ iza Repubulika iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo yashyizweho mu rwego rwo kugaragaza imbago zigabanya imipaka y’ibi bihugu byombi; yatangaje ko imbago 22 zigabanyije ibi bihugu zabonetse ariko zimwe zikaba zagiye ziboneka muri Congo bisobanuye ko hari bumwe mu butaka bw’ u Rwanda bwari bwarigaruriwe n’iki gihugu.

Nk’uko uyoboye impuguke zo mu Ntara ya Kivu ya Ruguru, Roger Rachidi yabitangarije Radiyo Okapi ari nayo dukesha iyi nkuru, yavuze ko habanje kuboneka imbago nkeya kuko izindi zari zarangiritse ariko nazo zikaba zabonetse hagendewe ku buryo zari ziteye.

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Ingabo z’u Rwanda n’iza Congo ku mupaka

Roger Rachidi akaba yagize ati: "Twagendeye ku byashyizweho n’inama yari igamije kugabanya imipaka y’ibihugu muri Afurika yabaye mu mwaka w’ 1911 i Berlin mu Budage, imbago zari zisigaye zikaba zabonetse ku musozi wa Heru ahitwa i Kibumba".

Rachidi asoza avuga ko igisigaye ari ukureba aho u Rwanda na Congo bigabaniye mu kiyaga cya Kivu ariko byo ngo ntabwo bizagorana hazakoreshwa uburyo bw’ikoranabuhanga bwa GPS.

Iyi komisiyo ikaba yaratangiye ibikorwa byo gushaka izi mbago taliki ya 26 Kanama, ikaba yarasoje iki gikorwa ku ya 30 Kanama 2014, bikaka biteganyijwe ko izatanga raporo y’ibyavuye muri ibi bikorwa taliki ya 15 Nzeri 2014, mu nama izabera i Kigali yo gusuzuma ibyavumbuwe n’izi mpuguke.

src:imirasire

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27 août 2014 3 27 /08 /août /2014 10:22

 

New York – Kuri uyu wa kabiri Akanama k’Umutekano ka Loni katangaje ko kwambura intwaro umutwe wa FDLR urwanira mu burasirazuba bwa Congo byihutirwa mu rwego rwo guha amahoro akarere k’ibiyaga bigari.

UNSC_2

Mu itangazo aka kanama kageneye abanyamakuru kavuze ko abagize aka kanama bishimiye ibiri gukorwa mu kurwanya imitwe irwanira mu burasirazuba bwa Congo irimo uwatsinzwe wa M23, n’iya ADF-NALU na FDLR.

Abagize aka kanama batangaje ko kwambura intwaro umutwe wa FDLR byihutirwa kandi ari byo by’ibanze mu guha amahoro akarere.

Muri iri tangazo abagize aka kanama bavuze ko abayobozi ba FDLR na bamwe mu bayigize barimo abasize bakoze Jenoside mu Rwanda.

Aka kanama kavuga kandi ko gahangayikishijwe no kuba umutwe wa FDLR ukomeje kuvugwaho ibikorwa bihonyora uburenganzira bwa muntu mu baturage b’Abanyecongo mu gace k’iburasirazuba bwa Congo.

Itangazo ry’aka kanama rivuga aka kanama gashima umuhate w’imiryango yo mu karere nka ICGLR na SADC yagerageje kureba uko ikibazo cya FDLR n’indi mitwe gikemurwa.

Akanama gashinzwe amahoro ku isi katangaje ko abarwanyi ba FDLR batitabira gahunda yo gushyira intwaro hasi iri gukorwa ubu, hagomba kwifashishwa intwaro bakazamburwa ku ngufu.

src: UMUSEKE

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