8 septembre 2014 1 08 /09 /septembre /2014 18:17

Recently, Rabbi Shmuley Boteach wrote about why Rwanda should participate in a peacekeeping operation in Gaza after the recent Israel-Hamas war. Rabbi Boteach has made a name for himself in Rwanda, similar to evangelical leaders such as Rick Warren. In his article, he attempts to explain why Rwandan peacekeepers should be deployed in Gaza through the Rwandan-Israel connection that concentrates on combating genocide ideology, remembering the two countries’ shared past and their development aims. The Rabbi has received a warm welcome from President Paul Kagame and by many Rwandans. However, his recent assessment and attempt to praise Rwanda misses many points that are only noticeable when one critically analyzes why Rwanda participates in peacekeeping, and how to solve the Israel/Palestinian conflict. Sorry to say, but sending Rwandan or any other peacekeepers into the region will not solve the crisis, nor will – as he mentions – Israel retaking Gaza, but that is a debate for another time.

Rwandan soldiers are internationally known as some of the best available peacekeepers that participate in UN missions. They currently have around 5,000 troops serving abroad in South Sudan, Central African Republic, Mali, Haiti and other spots around the world. What separates the Rwandans from other peacekeeping forces is three main characteristics. The first is that they attempt to learn about the conflict in order to find a peaceful solution through reconciliation mechanisms. Since early 2014, Rwandan troops have been deployed in the Central Africa Republic trying to stabilize the current violence between the Sélékaand anti-Balaka rebel movements for the disarmament of the two rebel groups. Unlike other peacekeepers, who usually try to stay in their armored personal vehicles and military bases, Rwandan troops go into towns, villages and neighborhoods to talk to the local populations to learn and understand the true causes of the conflict and to develop mechanisms to best help bring unity and reconstruction.

How would Rwanda be able to do this in Gaza? They would be isolated from Israel as Gaza is not a neighborhood of any city or officially part of Israel. What would they do then? Chances are that they would hear from the population of Gaza about their frustrations with the lack of the two-state solution, and with the military and trade restrictions imposed by Israel (rightly or wrongly) on Gaza. Even supporters of Israel must admit that the country has made some terrible mistakes with how it handled and continues to handle the Palestinian situation. Rwandan peacekeepers are going to hear the frustrations that have resulted from these mistakes, and this will eventually have an impact on their views of Israel, especially if they have little contact with Israelis.

The second characteristic, which heavily defines Rwandan peacekeepers, is their determination to try to foster unity among the warring parties. I was privileged to recently talk with someone in the Rwanda Defense Force about the country’s peacekeeping beliefs. Trying to foster unity and reconciliation is arguably at the heart of the country’s peace-keeping mission, understandably so, when we remember that these values underpinned the creation of the Rwandan military. Notably, the first government formed after the 1994 Rwandan Tutsi Genocide integrated members of the former genocide government, specifically military troops who were not accused of involvement in the genocide. In the Central African Republic, Rwandan troops are trying to foster the unity between Muslims and Christians that has been destroyed by the recent fighting.

How exactly is Rwanda going to be able to foster unity and reconciliation between the people of Gaza and Israel? Both governments have created informal as well as formal institutions and restrictions on interactions between the two populations. It is extremely difficult for people on either side to meet and connect with the other. For all intense and purposes, Gaza is separate from Israel, unlike the West Bank where the lines are a bit more blurry. Rwandan peacekeepers do not serve to keep the peace, but to help create peace, something that the United Nations failed to do twenty years ago in Rwanda. (In a previous article, I suggested the introduction of Gacaca, a Rwandan mechanism of truth and reconciliation after the genocide, as a way to help foster understandings between Palestinians and Israelis. Link) But the Rwandan peacekeepers would not have the ability to create local peace when the two people are physically divided like they are now.

The final important characteristic of Rwandan peacekeepers is their shoot-first policy. Twenty years ago, the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UMAMIR) was in Rwanda trying to implement a peace accord between the Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) and the pre-genocide government of Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana. The agreement was never fully implemented, because of Habyarimana’s assassination and the genocide that took the lives of one million Tutsis and moderate Hutus. During the slaughter, the UN peacekeepers were paralyzed to stop the violence, as their commanders in New York City, specifically Kofi Annan, told them not to use their weapons even to protect civilians.

The Rwandan military learned from history and have sworn never to be caught making the same errors. On many occasions, given their mandate to protect civilians, Rwandan peacekeepers have used their weapons to do so. One former Rwandan peacekeeper, who served in Darfur, Sudan, remembered seeing Janjaweed fighters riding into a village. He and his colleagues saw the militia approaching and they decided to open fire at them before they could reach the village to do harm. It did not matter that the fighters had not killed or terrorized anyone yet, because once they reached the village, the civilians were going to be butchered and their houses set on fire. Rwandan peacekeepers use their weapons not only to protect themselves, but also specifically to proactively help the people they are trying to protect.

Once again, how would this desire to protect civilians help Israel as Rabbi Boteach believes it might? He says it would show the world the horrors of Hamas if they were to attack Rwandan troops, but I do not think this would happen. Hamas would not attack the Rwandan peacekeepers precisely because they would not want to draw public awareness, just like the Interahamwe, the genocide perpetrators of 1994. Perhaps the peacekeepers would make UN safe-zones truly safe by removing any Hamas elements. However, a key missing element is that Rwandan peacekeepers participate in missions that do not involve two nations fighting each other. Their missions usually focus on local fragmentations within a society that have turned violent. If Rwandan troops were stationed in Gaza as Rabbi Boteach says, would Rwandan troops then be at the borders preventing invasion of Gaza into southern Israel? I do not think so, because Israel has shown that it does not need any military assistance in the form of troops, thanks to the success of the Iron Dome that intercepted most of Hamas’ rockets. The dismantling of the tunnels might be a possible mission that the Rwandan peacekeepers would be successful at, but this characteristic is not what makes Rwandan troops unique compared to others. They are most effective at, and are founded on a principle of, fostering peace and unity.

Rabbi Boteach has developed a close relationship with Rwanda and believes in the country’s abilities and future. He is correct to say that many within the Rwandan government want their country to be closer to Israel, because of the similar history of pogroms, genocide ideology and genocide. In addition, Rwanda wants to become like Israel in the areas of technology, information communication and healthcare. However, the Rwandan government is very pragmatic and will pursue its own interests, one of which is peacekeeping. It is not willing to move all of its peacekeepers to the conflict between two nations, with little in return and the knowledge that it will be removing its peacekeepers from societies who need help in reconstruction, unity and reconciliation, not just supervising a ceasefire. Also, Rwandan peacekeepers are going to be politically neutral, so they will criticize Israel when the nation has done something wrong and not just be blinded by their government’s relationship with the Israeli government. When both the governments of the Palestinians and Israelis are ready to come together to move past historical difference and live in peace, then Rwanda can come in to provide mechanisms and institutions for reconciliation and sustained peace.


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8 septembre 2014 1 08 /09 /septembre /2014 17:51

Abarwanyi ba FDLR bakiri mu mashyamba ya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo (RDC) bagaragaje ko nta gahunda bafite yo gushyira intwaro hasi, bandikira Umuryango Utsura Amajyambere wa Afurika y’Amajyepfo (SADC) bawusaba kubacungira umutekano muri iyi minsi igihe ntarengwa bahawe cyo kuba bashyize intwaro hasi cyegereje.

Nk’uko tubikesha The East African, aba barwanyi basaba ko umutekano wabo wakubahirizwa muri iki gihe bazi neza ko Loni, u Rwanda, na RDC bishobora guhita bibagabaho ibitero ku itariki ntarengwa byabashyiriyeho igeze.

Mu Rwandiko rwashyizweho umukono n’umuyobozi mukuru wa FDLR, Maj Gen Victor Byiringiro, aba barwanyi basabye Perezida wa Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe n’umuryango akuriye SADC, kubaha ubufasha mu maguru mashya muri ki gihe hasigaye amezi atarenga atatu ngo umuryango mpuzamahanga ubagabeho ibitero.

Bivugwa ko ubu busabe bwaturutse ku kuba izi nyeshyamba zitizeye umutekano wazo mu minsi iri imbere kubera igitutu cya Loni, u Rwanda na RDC.

The East African igaragaza ko ibyavuzwe na FDLR biteye inkeke mu gihe u Rwanda rukomeje kotsa igitutu imiryango mpuzamahanga ngo itangire gukoresha ingufu za gisirikare, mu gihe abagiye kugabwaho ibitero na bo barimo kwaka ubufasha.

Muri iyi baruwa yandikiwe Perezida Mugabe, FDLR yerekanye ko uburyo bwo kubakura mu mashyamba buteye urujijo kuko badashobora kwizera Monusco, Guverinoma y’u Rwanda cyangwa DRC.uyu mutwe wagaragaje kandi ko n’uburyo bajyanwamo i Kisangani, babeshywa ko bajyanwe gutuzwa ahandi hantu batabwizeye.

Ikindi kigaragaramo ni uko aba barwanyi batishimiye uburyo mu mwaka wa 2001 bamwe muri bo basaga 25000 bashyize intwaro hasi ku bushake, bikabaviramo kugotwa bagafungirwa mu birindiro bya Gisirikare bya Kamina muri DRC.

Iyi baruwa igira iti “Inzira y’amahoro yagambaniwe n’abafatanyabikorwa nka Monusco, RDC n’u Rwanda, ubwo bamwe mu barwanyi FDLR bafungwaga bakanicwa, harimo n’abasirikare bakuru, mu gihe n’abandi bacyurwaga (mu Rwanda) ku ngufu”.

Aba barwanyi biyita abaharanira ubwigenge bavuze ko badashaka kumva abababwira gushyira intwaro hasi, bakaba bagitsimbaraye ku biganiro bagirana na Leta y’u Rwanda. Basabye Perezida Mugabe kubafasha kuba inyuma y’ibiganiro n’u Rwanda bafata ko ari ntagereranywa.

Nubwo izi nyeshyamba zikomeza gushyira ibiganiro imbere, nta yandi mahitamo zifite kuko icyifuzo cyazo kitazigera cyakirwa na Leta y’u Rwanda cyane ko hari uburyo bumwe zateguriwe bwo gusubira mu buzima busanzwe ari na bwo bwakoreshejwe ku basaga ibihumbi 11 bamaze kuba Abanyarwanda.

Mu cyumweru gishize, Minisitiri w’Ububanyi n’Amahanga akaba n’Umuvugizi wa Leta y’u Rwanda, Louise Mushikiwabo, yahimangiye ko “abarwanyi ba FDLR bagomba gushyira intwaro hasi bitaba ibyo bakagabwaho ibitero”.

Yakomeje avuga ko ikibazo cya FDLR gishobora gukemuka byihuse ahubwo ikibura ari ubushake bwa Politiki, agira ati “Igikwiye gushyirwa imbere ni ubushake bwa Politiki mu kurandura uyu mutwe.”

Yakomeje avuga ko hari ibiganza bitaboneka bikomeje kwitambika ingufu zo guhagarika uyu mutwe.



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8 septembre 2014 1 08 /09 /septembre /2014 15:00

FDLR rebels in the jungles of DR Congo

A rebel group of The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda said that they will not surrender even when the deadline to disarm and peacefully repatriate is only a few months away.

The deadline will expire at the end of January next year 2015.

In a recent letter addressed to President Mugabe, the rebels stated the current peace process is compromised and they no longer trust the UN forces operating in the Congo- Monusco, the Kigali government and that of DR Congo; but the FDLR leadership was not clear on how the agreement was compromised

Rwanda has repeatedly warned that the presence of armed FDLR militia in the Congo compromises the peace and security progress in Rwanda and the region at large.

The second mini-summit of Heads of State and Government, the ‘International Conference of the Great Lakes Region’ (ICGLR); held in Angola capital Luanda on august 14,2014, gave the rebels a window for voluntary disarmament before military action can be considered.

Rwanda’s Foreign Affairs Minister Louise Mushikiwabo has previously said that action against Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) militia is long overdue and extending the surrender deadline would be a delay.

Head of Monusco, Martin Kobler, earlier this week said that the UN force is ready to take action, but has to respect the ICGLR resolutions

The rebels are accused of committing atrocities in the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda.


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8 septembre 2014 1 08 /09 /septembre /2014 14:56

President Kagame meeting AU and IN envoys at his office in Kigali, Rwanda on Thursday

Rwanda President Paul Kagame has held talks with the African Union Commissioner for Peace and Security, Amb. Smaїl Chergui and Amb. Said Djinnit, the new UNSG Special Envoy to the Great Lakes Region over security in the region particularly the threat posed by FDLR to stability in the Great Lakes.

According to the presidency, the Thursday discussions mainly focused on ways of dealing with FDLR, a major negative and genocidaire force that has terrorized the region for decades.

Leaders from International Conference on the Great Lakes Region recently met in Angola to review the political and security situation in Eastern DRC regarding the continued repatriation to Rwanda of FDLR for those willing to disarm and return voluntarily; and engage urgently military action against those unwilling to disarm.

While FDLR this year announced intentions to surrender, officials said it simply handed over sick and young combatants and outdated guns.

Rwanda’s United Nations representative, Richard Gasana recently told the Security Council that the neutralization of the 1994 Genocidal Movement is “another area of extreme importance, which unfortunately has not seen progress.”

Joint efforts

Speaking to the press after meeting President Kagame, Amb. Djinnit said his core responsibility in the region would be to work together with regional organizations and countries including Rwanda especially in the implementation of the Peace and Security Framework.

“There has been some significant progress over the last decade but there also some outstanding issues like the FDLR,” said the envoy.

“I will be working in transparency and respect of all countries and will seek the goodwill and support of the stakeholders and demand that they take their obligations at all levels.”

On the issue of the FDLR, said Djinnit, “we will be guided by the decisions of the Security Council and the region which have taken a very clear position on the issue.”

The UN Envoy reiterated that the military option was still on the table, should FDLR fail to comply with the decisions of the UN Security Council and regional stakeholders.

The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Louis Mushikiwabo said despite the progress in resolving issues of the region peacefully, there have been invisible hands that tend to frustrate these efforts.

“We Rwandans need peace and we have worked for decades for peace and this will not stop. We will continue as a country to contribute to peace in the region and for ourselves,” said Mushikiwabo.

The Minister pointed out that FDLR is not a difficult force to deal with, saying what is needed is political will.

“And we are happy to receive Ambassador Djinnit who has taken over from the very able Mary Robinson and we are happy that he is a man who knows the region’s history and has been part of the African Union from the beginning,” said the Minister.

The discussions also touched on the East African Standby Force (EASF) and the situation in the Central African Republic.

East Africa Member States have committed 5,000 military and police forces.

Burundi contributed an Infantry Battalion, Kenya a Mechanized Battalion while Ethiopia, Rwanda and Uganda contributed a Motorized Battalion each.

Other Combat Support and Combat Support Services pledged include Two Level Two Hospitals, CIS, Combat Engineers and Special Forces.

The Member States also pledged four Formed Up Police Units, Military Observers and Individual Police Officers.

The Pledged Forces are to be on Standby to deploy in a period of 14 days whenever called upon to maintain peace and stability in the region. The regional Ministers of Defence and Security in August signed an MOU of pledged Forces as directed by Assembly of Heads of State and Government.

The FDLR have up to February 2, 2014 to surrender or face fire.

The Angola meeting demanded “FDLR to fully surrender within a given timeframe and also making them aware of military consequences of failure to comply with the agreed timeframe.”


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8 septembre 2014 1 08 /09 /septembre /2014 14:40

Rwanda's agricultural sector has been bolstered by the good climate

The World Economic Forum has released its 2014‐2015 Global Competitiveness Report in which Rwanda has been flagged again as the most competitive economy in Eastern Africa and 18th in terms of best structured institutions globally.

Overall, Rwanda came 62nd out of the 144 countries analyzed. Kenya took the second position for competitiveness in Eastern Africa, and ranked 90th worldwide. Uganda and Tanzania took the 122nd and 121st slots respectively whereas Burundi was 139th.

Globally, Switzerland took the foremost slot, Singapore and the United States came in as 2nd and 3rd worldwide while Finland and Germany were 4th and 5th respectively.

In the report, Sub-Saharan Africa continued to register impressive growth rates close to 5%. And on this premise, the report indicated that maintaining the momentum will require the region to move towards more productive activities and address the persistent competitiveness challenges.

The report also pointed out that overall, the biggest challenges facing the region is in addressing human and physical infrastructure issues that continue to hamper capacity and affect its ability to enter higher value added markets.

The Global Competitiveness Report’s competitiveness ranking is based on the Global Competitiveness Index (GCI), which was introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2004.

Defining competitiveness as the set of institutions, policies and factors that determine the level of productivity of a country , GCI scores are calculated by drawing together country-level data covering 12 categories – the pillars of competitiveness – that collectively make up a comprehensive picture of a country’s competitiveness.

Rwandans undergoing training on an “ICT bus”Emphasis on ICT has been pointed out as the major factors fuelling Rwanda’s economic growth

Src: Chimpreport

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8 septembre 2014 1 08 /09 /septembre /2014 14:36

Komanda Kojera Kwinja Musanganya Jean Pierre wo mu ngabo za Kongo (FARDC) hamwe na Samuel Konji Bilolo bari mu Rwanda kuva taliki ya 29/8/2017 aho bahagaritswe bambutse umupaka w’u Rwanda mu buryo butemewe n’amategeko.

Mu ngabo za Kongo, ipeti rya komanda ngo riri hagati ya kapiteni na majoro ugereranyije n’amapeti yo mu Rwanda. Samuel Konji Bilolo wafatanwe na Komanda Kojera ntibyabashije kumenyekana niba ari umusirikare kubera ko nta byangombwa bya gisirikare yari afite.

Aba basirikare ba Kongo bambukiye mu mudugudu wa Karundo akagari ka Mbugangari umurenge wa Gisenyi akarere ka Rubavu, hakaba hategerejwe igihe aba basirikare bazasubizwa igihugu cyabo.

Komanda Kojera Kwinja na Konji Bilolo babaye abasirikare ba Kongo ba 18 bafatiwe ku butaka bw’u Rwanda binjiye ku buryo bunyuranyije n’amategeko kuva taliki ya 15/09/2013 taliki ku isaha ya 13h10.

Undi musirikare uheruka gufatirwa mu Rwanda ni Capitaine Lupango Rogacien wari umusirikare wa 16 wasubijwe igihugu cye taliki ya 09/04/2014.

Kusukana Munanga, umusirikare wa mbere wafatiwe mu Rwanda mu mwaka wa 2013.

Benshi mu basirikare bwa Kongo bafatirwa mu Rwanda bavuga ko barenga imipaka batabizi kuko nta mbibi zizwi babona, cyakora mu gucyemura iki kibazo ubu itsinda rihuriweho n’impugucye z’u Rwanda na Kongo zagaragaje ahari imbibe z’ibihugu byombi.

Buteganyijwe ko taliki ya 15/09/2014 hazamurikwa icyegeranyo cyavuye mu gikorwa cyo kugenzura ahari imbago zihuza ibihugu byombi kuburyo hashyirwaho n’imipaka izwi maze ibi bikorwa by’ingabo za Kongo zambukiranya imipaka zitwaje ko zitazi aho igarukira bikaba byarangira.


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3 septembre 2014 3 03 /09 /septembre /2014 17:04

Komisiyo igizwe n’ impuguke zo mu Rwanda ndetse n’ iza Repubulika iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo yashyizweho mu rwego rwo kugaragaza imbago zigabanya imipaka y’ibi bihugu byombi; yatangaje ko imbago 22 zigabanyije ibi bihugu zabonetse ariko zimwe zikaba zagiye ziboneka muri Congo bisobanuye ko hari bumwe mu butaka bw’ u Rwanda bwari bwarigaruriwe n’iki gihugu.

Nk’uko uyoboye impuguke zo mu Ntara ya Kivu ya Ruguru, Roger Rachidi yabitangarije Radiyo Okapi ari nayo dukesha iyi nkuru, yavuze ko habanje kuboneka imbago nkeya kuko izindi zari zarangiritse ariko nazo zikaba zabonetse hagendewe ku buryo zari ziteye.

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Ingabo z’u Rwanda n’iza Congo ku mupaka

Roger Rachidi akaba yagize ati: "Twagendeye ku byashyizweho n’inama yari igamije kugabanya imipaka y’ibihugu muri Afurika yabaye mu mwaka w’ 1911 i Berlin mu Budage, imbago zari zisigaye zikaba zabonetse ku musozi wa Heru ahitwa i Kibumba".

Rachidi asoza avuga ko igisigaye ari ukureba aho u Rwanda na Congo bigabaniye mu kiyaga cya Kivu ariko byo ngo ntabwo bizagorana hazakoreshwa uburyo bw’ikoranabuhanga bwa GPS.

Iyi komisiyo ikaba yaratangiye ibikorwa byo gushaka izi mbago taliki ya 26 Kanama, ikaba yarasoje iki gikorwa ku ya 30 Kanama 2014, bikaka biteganyijwe ko izatanga raporo y’ibyavuye muri ibi bikorwa taliki ya 15 Nzeri 2014, mu nama izabera i Kigali yo gusuzuma ibyavumbuwe n’izi mpuguke.


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27 août 2014 3 27 /08 /août /2014 10:22


New York – Kuri uyu wa kabiri Akanama k’Umutekano ka Loni katangaje ko kwambura intwaro umutwe wa FDLR urwanira mu burasirazuba bwa Congo byihutirwa mu rwego rwo guha amahoro akarere k’ibiyaga bigari.


Mu itangazo aka kanama kageneye abanyamakuru kavuze ko abagize aka kanama bishimiye ibiri gukorwa mu kurwanya imitwe irwanira mu burasirazuba bwa Congo irimo uwatsinzwe wa M23, n’iya ADF-NALU na FDLR.

Abagize aka kanama batangaje ko kwambura intwaro umutwe wa FDLR byihutirwa kandi ari byo by’ibanze mu guha amahoro akarere.

Muri iri tangazo abagize aka kanama bavuze ko abayobozi ba FDLR na bamwe mu bayigize barimo abasize bakoze Jenoside mu Rwanda.

Aka kanama kavuga kandi ko gahangayikishijwe no kuba umutwe wa FDLR ukomeje kuvugwaho ibikorwa bihonyora uburenganzira bwa muntu mu baturage b’Abanyecongo mu gace k’iburasirazuba bwa Congo.

Itangazo ry’aka kanama rivuga aka kanama gashima umuhate w’imiryango yo mu karere nka ICGLR na SADC yagerageje kureba uko ikibazo cya FDLR n’indi mitwe gikemurwa.

Akanama gashinzwe amahoro ku isi katangaje ko abarwanyi ba FDLR batitabira gahunda yo gushyira intwaro hasi iri gukorwa ubu, hagomba kwifashishwa intwaro bakazamburwa ku ngufu.


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27 août 2014 3 27 /08 /août /2014 10:18

Oslo – Nyuma y’umwaka urenga akatiwe gufungwa imyaka 21 kubera guhamwa n’ibyaha by’ubwicanyi bwakorewe Abatutsi muri Genocide mu Rwanda, kuri uyu wa kabiri tariki 26 KanamaUrukiko rukuru rurumva ubujurire bwa Sadi Bugingo.

Ishusho ya Sadi Bugingo

Ishusho ya Sadi Bugingo

Muri Nzeri umwaka ushize nibwo Urukiko rwahagaritse ibyo kumva ubu bujurire bivuye ku wunganira Bugingo wasabwe kubanza kwiga neza iby’ubwicanyi ku batutsi mu Rwanda nk’uko bitangazwa n’ikinyamakuru Aftenposten cyo muri Norvege.

Bugingo yakatiwe imyaka 21 y’igifungo mu mwaka ushize amaze guhamwa n’ibyaha byo kugira uruhare mu bwicanyi bw’Abatutsi barenga 2 000 ku bitaro bya Kibungo, i Nyakarambi no kuri Economat General mu mujyi wa Kibungo aho akomoka.

Urukiko rwatangaje ko rufite kugeza kuri Noheli uyu mwaka rwumva ubu bujurire.

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17 août 2014 7 17 /08 /août /2014 11:32

Gen. Laurent Nkunda wari ufungiye mu Rwanda mu gihe cy’imyaka 5 agiye gusubizwa i wabo muri Repubulika Iaharanira Demokarasi ya Congo, nk’uko bitangazwa na Eugène-Richard Gasana uhagarariye u Rwanda muri Loni asobanura uburyo u Rwanda rwiteguye kumwohereza iwabo.

Gen. Laurent Nkunda

Gen. Laurent Nkunda wayoboraga CNDP

Ibi bibaye mu gihe abari abarwanyi ba M23 muri Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo yiteguye kubasubiza mu buzima busanzwe, bityo Gn. Nkunga akaba nawe yaba muri iyo gahunda, ikibazo cye kikajyanirana n’ icya bagenzi be bahoze mu mutwe wa M23.

Gen. Nkunda, wari umusirikare mukuru muri ingabo za Congo FARDC, yatawe muri yombi ku itariki ya 22 Mutarama 2009 n’ ingabo z’ u Rwanda ubwo yari ayoboye umutwe wa CNDP warwanyaga Leta ya Congo ikiyobowe na Josph Kabila, afatirwa mu Rwanda yambutse umupaka ku buryo butemewe n’amategeko. 

Ubwo hasinywaga amasezerano i Kampala, hagati ya Bertrand Bisiimwa wa M23 na Raymond Tshibanda, Minisitiri w’ ububanyi n’ amahanga wa Congo, abari inyeshyamba za M23 bemeye gushyira intwaro hasi.

Bimwe mu byari bikubiye muri ayo masezerano hari ugushyira intwaro hasi , gusubiza mu buzima busanzwe bamwe abandi bakaba basubizwa mu ngabo no gutanga imbabazi kuri bamwe muri izo nyeshyamba za M23 ku bataregwa ibyaha ibyaha byibasiriye inyokomuntu ny’ intambara.

U Rwanda rwifuza ko ikibazo cya Gen. Nkunda cyahita kijyanirana n’ icya M23 dore ko hari bamwe bahuje ibirego na we; by’ umwihariko ibyaha by’ intambara.

Minisitiri w’ ubutabera mu Rwanda Johnstone Busingye , mu kiganiro n’ikinyamakuru greatlakesvoice, abazwaga impamvu Gen. Laurent Nkunda akiri mu Rwanda kandi ntagezwe imbere y’ubutabera, yasubije ko Laurent Nkunda akiri mu Rwanda, ko ari ikibazo kigomba kumvikanwaho n’ ibihugu byombi agasubizwa muri Congo, ari ko ngo ntacyo ubutabera bw’u Rwanda bumukurikiranaho, agira ati: “mu butabera bw’u Rwanda nta kirego cye kirimo , niyo mpamvu agomba gusubizwa iwabo”.


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